Investigators and participants were masked to treatment assignment. The primary endpoint was change in NT-proBNP, a marker of left ventricular wall stress, from baseline to 12 weeks; analysis included all patients randomly assigned to treatment groups who had a baseline and at least one postbaseline assessment.
This trial is registered at Clinicaltrials.gov, number NCT00887588.
Findings 149 patients were randomly assigned to LCZ696 and 152 to valsartan; 134 in the LCZ696 group and 132 in the valsartan group were included in analysis of the primary endpoint. NT-proBNP was significantly reduced at 12 weeks in the LCZ696 group compared with the valsartan group (LCZ696: baseline, 783 Daporinad pg/mL [95% CI 670-914], 12 weeks, 605 pg/mL [512-714]; valsartan: baseline, 862 pg/mL [733-1012], 12 weeks, 3-deazaneplanocin A price 835 [710-981]; ratio LCZ696/valsartan, 0.77, 95% CI 0.64-0.92, p=0.005). LCZ696 was well tolerated with adverse effects similar to those of valsartan; 22 patients (15%) on LCZ696 and 30 (20%) on valsartan had one or more serious adverse event.
Interpretation In patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction, LCZ696 reduced NT-proBNP to a greater extent than did valsartan at 12
weeks and was well tolerated. Whether these effects would translate into improved outcomes needs to be tested prospectively.”
“Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are believed to be involved in many forms of neurodegeneration, including ischaemic infarct damage and Alzheimer’s disease. Despite the known involvement of p38 and JNK MAP kinases in mediating apoptosis and cell death in a variety of cell types, the details of the signalling pathways activated in neuronal cells by ROS are poorly characterised. Recently TAK1 (MAP3K7), a kinase upstream of JNK and p38, has attracted attention as a possible mediator of ischaemic cell death. This study tested the hypothesis that hydrogen
peroxide (H2O2), which produces ROS, induces apoptosis in the NG108-15 neuronal cell line via activation of either TAXI or the related kinase ASK1 (MAP3K5). H2O2 caused a concentration-dependent reduction in cell viability associated with caspase 3 activation. Loss of cell viability was inhibited by a selective caspase 3 inhibitor, and by the p38 inhibitor SB203580, this website but was not affected by the JNK inhibitor SP600125. The selective TAK1 inhibitor 5Z-7-oxozeaenol (5Z-7) exacerbated the loss of cell viability, whereas the ASK1 inhibitor NQDI-1 completely prevented caspase activation and cell death. These results show that pharmacological inhibition of ASK1 is neuroprotective, implicating an ASK1-p38 signalling pathway in ROS-induced apoptosis in neurones. The results also imply that the role of TAK1 may be neuroprotective rather than pro-degenerative. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Objectives Several studies have suggested insulin resistance related to dyslipidemia and body weight in drug treated schizophrenia patients.