High-grade DYS was detected in targeted biopsies only. Conclusions: At surveillance endoscopies, both targeted and non-targeted biopsies are required for an appropriate diagnosis of (pre-)malignant gastric lesions. Non-targeted biopsies
should be obtained in particular from the antrum, angulus and lesser curvature of the corpus. “
“Background: Polymorphisms of IL-1 gene cluster are reported to be associated with histological changes and IL-1β expression in the gastric mucosa in adults, especially in Helicobacter pylori–infected selleck compound subjects. As H. pylori infecting adults and children own different virulence genotypes, the aim of this study was to investigate whether IL-1 polymorphisms are risk factors in young children in South China.
Materials and Methods: A total of 128 children with peptic symptoms were enrolled in this study. Polymorphisms of IL-1B-511 and IL-1B-31 were identified by dual fluorescence PCR. Variable number of tandem repeat region in IL-1RN was detected by conventional PCR and IL-1β mRNA expression by real-time PARP activity PCR ddCT assay. Results: IL-1B-31T and IL-1B-511C were completely linked in this study. Significant differences of IL-1B-511/-31 genotypes were observed among different clinical outcomes (p = .001). The IL-1B-511TT/-31CC was mostly found in the moderate gastritis and the above (severe gastritis or gastric ulcer) groups, with percentage of 60.7%. While no association was observed between IL-1RN genotypes and the gastric mucosal histological changes (p = .128). Also no relationships were found between IL-1 polymorphisms and H. pylori 上海皓元医药股份有限公司 infection or gastric mucosal IL-1β mRNA expression level. Conclusion: Children with IL-1B-511TT/-31CC may have a risk to develop relatively severe gastric mucosal
histological changes in South China. “
“Medline, PubMed and the Cochrane databases were searched on epidemiology and diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori for the period of April 2011–March 2012. Several studies have shown that the prevalence of H. pylori infection is decreasing in adults and children in many countries. Various diagnostic tests are available, and most of them have high sensitivity and specificity. The Maastricht IV/Florence consensus report states that the urea breath test using 13C urea remains the best test to diagnose H. pylori infection. Among the stool antigen tests, the ELISA monoclonal antibody test is recommended. All these tests were used, either as a single diagnostic test or in combination, to investigate H. pylori infection among different populations throughout the world. Of particular interest, current improvements in high-resolution endoscopic technologies enable increased diagnostic accuracy for the detection of H. pylori infection, but none of these techniques, at present, are specific enough for obtaining a real-time diagnosis of H. pylori infection.