In addition the GIS analysis promotes use of evidence to strengthen policy. Future research will focus on review of utilization statistics as well as qualitative investigation of the purported improved efficiency of the system – given the use of evidence-based decision
making to locate the service. Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Authors’ contributions NS conceptualized and designed the study and contributed to the writing of the manuscript. NB refined the analysis and contributed substantially to the writing of the manuscript. RL advised the authors on priorities for Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical location of the HEMS and contributed to the text of the manuscript. MH participated substantially to discussions about modeling service allocation. Pre-publication history The pre-publication history for this paper can be selleck chemical accessed here: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-227X/9/6/prepub
Paramedics Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical are frequently required to perform tracheal intubation, a potentially life-saving manoeuvre in severely ill patients, in the prehospital
Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical setting. While intubation of the trachea in the prehospital setting can be a life-saving manoeuvre [1-3], direct laryngoscopy in this setting, such as in a Vorinostat msds multiple trauma patient, is potentially difficult. Failed tracheal intubation Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical in this context constitutes an important cause of morbidity, arising from direct airway trauma and
the systemic complications of hypoxia [4,5]. In Ireland, Advanced Paramedics (AP’s) are a subgroup of Emergency Medicine Technicians that are trained and certified as being competent in the skill of direct laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation. Following training on high fidelity Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical manikins, each AP is then seconded to a hospital for clinical training in the operating suite. Each AP must perform a minimum of 10 successful tracheal intubations Brefeldin_A under the direct supervision of a senior anaesthetist. Currently, AP’s perform 10–12 tracheal intubations per person per year during their clinical practice. The recent development of a number of indirect laryngoscopes, which do not require alignment of the oral-pharyngeal-tracheal axes, may reduce the difficult of tracheal intubation in the prehospital setting. Two relatively low cost indirect laryngoscopes, which could be easily included in ambulance equipment inventories, are the Airtraq® and the Truview EVO2® devices. The Airtraq® device, which incorporates a side channel (Figure (Figure1),1), has been demonstrated to have advantages over the Macintosh have when used by both paramedic students and experienced paramedics .