The fragment was digested with BamHI and HindIII, and inserted into the corresponding sites of vector pQE80L, resulting in plasmid pKD1108. Escherichia coli DH5α, transformed with pKD1108, was grown to an OD550 nm of 0.4. Cultures were induced by the addition of isopropyl-β-d-thiogalactopyranoside to a final concentration of 0.1 mM and incubated for a further 3.5 h. Cells were then harvested, suspended in lysis buffer (10 mM imidazole, 300 mM NaCl, 50 mM NaH2PO4; pH 8.0),
and disrupted by sonication. MbrC was purified using a Ni-NTA column (Qiagen, Hilden, Germany), under native conditions, according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Purified protein was then dialyzed Tofacitinib clinical trial against dialysis buffer [50 mM NaH2PO4, 300 mM NaCl, 25% (v/v) glycerol; pH 8.0] to remove imidazole. To construct the mbrC deletion
mutant, pKD1110 was constructed as described previously (Kawada-Matsuo et al., 2009). Briefly, a 1027-bp fragment upstream and a 957-bp fragment downstream of mbrC were amplified by PCRs using the primers listed in Table S1. Fragments were then inserted sequentially into pBSSK-Emr, yielding plasmid pKD1110. To construct the mbrD deletion mutant, a DNA fragment containing the S. mutans mbrD gene (wild type) was amplified by PCR using find more mbrD-F and -R primers (Table S1). The fragment was digested with BamHI and HindIII, and inserted into the corresponding sites of vector pQE80L, resulting in plasmid pKD1109. The 51-bp PstI fragment within mbrD on pKD1109 was replaced with the erythromycin resistance (Emr) gene, yielding plasmid pKD1111. Plasmids pKD1110 and pKD1111 were digested with BamHI and XhoI or BamHI and HindIII, respectively, and assembled fragments were transformed into S. mutans UA159, generating the strains KD1108 and KD1109 (Table 1). Correct mutations of transformants were confirmed by PCR. A point mutation (D54N; Histone demethylase a substitution of asparagine for aspartate at position 54 in MbrC) was introduced by inverse PCR using pKD1108 as the template (Hemsley et al., 1989). Two inverse
PCR primers, d54nr and d54nf, were designed. The d54nf primer contains the mutation that would change the amino acid sequence D to N (Table S1). The mutation-containing PCR product was circularized with T4 DNA ligase and the resulting plasmid (pKD1112) was transformed into DH5α and propagated. Recombinant D54N-MbrC protein was purified as described above. The thermosensitive suicide vector, pSET4s, was used to construct a mutant strain of S. mutans UA159 expressing D54N-MbrC. The BamHI–HindIII fragments containing the mutant mbrC encoding D54N-MbrC from pKD1112 were ligated to pSET4s to generate pSET4s(D54N-MbrC). The wild-type strain UA159 was transformed with pSET4s(D54N-MbrC). The resulting transformants were selected by growth on a BHI agar plate supplemented with spectinomycin at 30 °C.