“The main goal of our study was to evaluate possible perio

“The main goal of our study was to evaluate possible perioperative risk factors for Occurrence of atrial fibrillation

in the postoperative Lazertinib nmr period in patients after CABG operations. The study included 140 patients after CABG, divided into two groups – Group I – 64 patients with new onset of POAF and Group 11 – 76 patients without postoperative atrial fibrillation occurrence. In both groups possible risk factors for atrial fibrillation onset (preoperative and postoperative) were analyzed. Results showed that we can predict new onset of atrial fibrillation after CABG if the following preoperative factors are present – low ejection fraction (less than 40%), I-Ad > 40mm, higher body mass index (BMI over 30), presence BI 6727 of COPD and older age. Important perioperative factors for onset of atrial fibrillation in our study were

longer extracorporeal circulation, increased dose/number of inotropic drugs, blood transfusion and elevated WBC count Postoperatively.”
“The flow of a viscous incompressible fluid between two parallel plates due to the normal motion of the porous upper plate is investigated and an analysis is made to determine the heat and mass transfer. The unsteady Navier-Stokes equations are reduced to a generalization of the Proudman-Johnson equation retaining the effect of wall motion using a suitable similarity transformation. The analytical solution for stream function and heat transfer characteristics are obtained by employing homotopy analysis method. The effects of various physical parameters like expansion ratio, Prandtl number, Reynolds number on various

OSI-744 purchase momentum and heat transfer characteristics are discussed in detail. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“Objectives: Because of its prevalence and the consequences of its impact, depression is a significant health issue. It is strikingly widespread among patients referred to primary health care services. Inventories occupy an important place in the diagnosis of depression, a condition frequently seen among children and adolescents. In this context, the present study has aimed to examine whether the Turkish version of the CES-Depression Scale (The Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale) can be used for children and adolescents. Methods: The study was conducted with 583 children and adolescents between the ages 8-15. Both classical and modern test theories were employed in the analysis of the items in the study. Item discrimination, item difficulty and the level of fit with the two-parameter model were used. Items 4,7 and 11 attracted attention with their low discrimination characteristics and low difficulty levels. Results: It was found that the internal consistency coefficient for the whole scale was 0.74 but ranged between 0.60 – 0.78 in different age groups.

Long-term postnatal neurodevelopmental follow-up should confirm t

Long-term postnatal neurodevelopmental follow-up should confirm the data from prenatal investigation of fetal

“As common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia L.) spreads across Europe and other regions, it is becoming both a Selonsertib concentration health and an economic threat. To better understand which environmental conditions facilitate the spread of the invasive species, in 2010, a greenhouse experiment was conducted determining the effects of various nitrogen levels (10, 50 and 100 kg N/ha), soil moisture level (low and high) and competition levels (no competition, medium competition and high competition) on the growth parameters of ragweed. Single-grown ragweed responded favourably to the medium nitrogen and water increase, whereas the ragweed growth parameters in competition stands increased only when high levels of nitrogen and water were added.

High competition reduced the total dry matter of ragweed by up to 83%, but the ragweed continued to increase its relative growth rate during the full-flowering stage and VX-680 price allocate its dry matter to reproductive parts, producing up to 70 seeds per plant. Ragweed is a poor competitor when there is high resource availability; however, under disturbance and in the shortage of nutrients and water conditions, the intensity of competition decreases and the ragweed performance is minimally affected. The addition of medium levels of nitrogen to promote the growth of competitive species, prevention of disturbance

and establishment of plant communities with stress-tolerant species is measures that should help to prevent the further spread of ragweed.”
“Exposure to chronic stressors is associated with accelerated biological aging as indicated by reduced leukocyte telomere length (LTL). This impact could be because of chronic overactivation of the body’s physiological stress systems. This study examined the associations between LTL and the immune system, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and autonomic nervous system. LTL was assessed in 2936 adults from the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety. Inflammation markers (interleukin-6, c-reactive protein, tumor necrosis factor-alpha), hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis indicators (salivary cortisol awakening selleck chemical curve [area under the curve indicators, with respect to the ground and increase], evening levels, 0.5 mg dexamethasone cortisol suppression ratio), and autonomic nervous system measures (heart rate, respiratory sinus arrhythmia, pre-ejection period) were determined. Linear regression analyses were performed and adjusted for sociodemographic, lifestyle and clinical factors. Shorter LTL was significantly associated with higher c-reactive protein, interleukin-6, area under the curve with respect to increase, and heart rate. A cumulative index score was calculated based on the number of highest tertiles of these 4 stress markers.

Previously, data from patients with ACS given vitamin K antagonis

Previously, data from patients with ACS given vitamin K antagonists in addition to acetylsalicylic acid demonstrated significant reductions in vascular events, but this was

associated with an unacceptable bleeding risk. As expected, phase II trials of newer oral anticoagulants learn more in addition to dual antiplatelet therapy also found increased bleeding risk, with only the direct factor Xa inhibitors apixaban and rivaroxaban continuing to phase III. The phase III trial of full-dose apixaban was stopped early for safety concerns, because the major bleeding rates were significantly increased with minimal improvement in efficacy. However, the phase III trial of low-dose rivaroxaban demonstrated a significantly reduced incidence of recurrent vascular events without an increased risk of fatal bleeding. In conclusion, these trials underline the potential importance of optimal dose selection in phase III studies and suggest that the long-term use of low-dose anticoagulation, together with dual antiplatelet therapy, might have a role in secondary prevention after ACS. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (Am J Cardiol 2013;111:618-626)”
“Background: Oxaliplatin

has become one of the major cytotoxic agents for the treatment of gastrointestinal Emricasan chemical structure tumors. As a result, several cases of the so-called oxaliplatin-associated hypersensitivity reaction have been documented. Patients and Methods: We have retrospectively evaluated and characterized these reactions in our patient group by reviewing the files QNZ NF-��B inhibitor of 1,224 patients exposed to an oxaliplatin-containing regimen in order to provide

useful clinical information for diagnosis and management. Results: Three hundred and eight (308) patients who have never been exposed to platinum compounds developed symptoms compatible with a reaction to oxaliplatin that was verified by manifestation of at least similar symptoms on rechallenging. The reactions occurred after the first 5 courses, with a median course number of 9 (range 1-24). These reactions could be distinguished as (1) mild reactions occurring in 195 (63%) patients manifesting with itching and small area erythema either during treatment or within the next hours, and (2) severe reactions occurring in 113 (37%) patients within minutes of drug infusion manifesting with diffuse erythroderma, facial swelling, chest tightness, bronchospasm and changes in blood pressure. Oxaliplatin withdrawal was not required in patients with a mild reaction. Forty- eight ( 42%) patients having a severe reaction with appropriate premedication and prolongation of the infusion duration could tolerate 2-4 subsequent courses. For the remaining 65 (58%) patients, oxaliplatin withdrawal was inevitable because of the very severe reactions occurring on rechallenging. In addition, 3 patients presented with thrombocytopenia and 3 others with hemolytic anemia, all reversible upon oxaliplatin discontinuation.

Assessments included

demographics, comorbidity, ASA score

Assessments included

demographics, comorbidity, ASA score, operative details and 30-day postoperative outcome.\n\nResults Seventy patients in the CKD group were matched with 70 controls. ASA scores and length of stay did not differ significantly between the groups. CKD patients were older (mean age 76.5 years vs 71.1 years; P < 0.001) and had a lower mean body mass index (24.3 vs 28.2; P < 0.001) compared with controls. Compared with the CKD group, the mean operation time was longer in the control group (181.5 min vs 151.6 min; P = 0.02) and the estimated blood loss was greater (232 ml vs 165 ml; P = 0.004). Postoperative infection was www.selleckchem.com/products/AZD7762.html more common in the CKD group (60% vs 40%; P = 0.01). There were no significant differences in reoperation rates, 30-day readmissions or the incidence of acute renal failure (ARF).\n\nConclusion Patients with CKD Stages 3 and 4 had a higher incidence of postoperative infections than matched controls after colorectal surgery. ARF developed in 18.6% of patients. Preoperative optimization should include adequate hydration

and assessment of potentially nephrotoxic substances for bowel preparation, preoperative antibiotics and pain control.”
“Citrate gels were prepared from aqueous solutions of zirconium dinitrate oxide, ammonium metatungstate and citric acid in the range of pH 1.1-10. The citric acid to total metal molar ratio buy SB203580 was varied from 0.66 to 1.33. The thermal decomposition of these precursor gels and the oxide phase evolution were studied by thermal analysis (DTA, TG, EGA-MS) and X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), respectively. Complex stability appeared to be largely insensitive to pH variations, whereas consistency and thermal behaviour of the gels were found to be influenced by pH and molar ratio of the starting solutions. Under optimized thermolysis conditions, phase-pure trigonal ZrW2O8 was obtained which was converted to cubic ZrW2O8 by up-quenching to 1125 degrees C for a very short time (< 1 min). The cubic ZrW2O8 has

PD-1/PD-L1 Inhibitor 3 ic50 particle sizes in the lower micron to submicron range and shows a negative linear coefficient of thermal expansion CTE = -10.2 x 10(-6) K-1 (30-120 degrees C). The polymorphism of ZrW2O8 is discussed with respect to its preparation by the amorphous citrate process and other soft chemistry routes. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l. All rights reserved.”
“The impact of education on health care outcome has been studied in the past, but its role in the dialysis population is unclear. In this report, we evaluated this association. We used the United States Renal Data System data of end-stage renal disease patients aged =18 years. Education level at the time of end-stage renal disease onset was the primary variable of interest. The outcome of the study was patient mortality. We used four categories of education level: 0?=?less than 12 years of education; 1?=?high school graduate; 2?=?some college; 3?=?college graduate.

frugiperda life cycle under laboratory conditions A completely r

frugiperda life cycle under laboratory conditions. A completely randomized block design with 4 replicates was used for the field experiment, and a completely randomized design with 10 replicates was used for the laboratory experiment. In the field experiment, the damage caused by fall armyworm, grain yield, and popping expansion were quantified, and a diallel analysis was performed to select the best hybrids. For the laboratory experiment, caterpillars were obtained from laboratory cultures kept on an artificial diet and were fed with leaves from the 11 hybrids. Hybrids P7.0 x P9.4, P7.1 x P9.6, P7.2.0 x P9.3, P7.4.0 x P9.1 and P7.4.1 x P9.4 exhibited negative specific

combining ability for injury by fall armyworm and positive specific combining ability for yield and popping expansion. In the laboratory experiment, the hybrids influenced the mean larval stage duration, mean larval mass, final larval mass, pupal stage selleck chemicals llc duration,

mean pupal mass, and adult longevity.”
“The impairment in diabetic wound healing represents a significant clinical problem. Decreased angiogenesis is thought to play a central role in the pathogenesis of this impairment. We have previously shown that treatment of diabetic murine wounds with mesenchymal stem cells can improve healing, but the mechanisms Selonsertib are not completely defined. MicroRNA-15b (miR-15b) has been implicated in the regulation of the angiogenic response. We hypothesized that abnormal miR-15b expression may contribute to the impaired angiogenesis observed in impaired diabetic wound this website healing. To test this hypothesis, we examined the expression of miR-15b and its target genes in diabetic and nondiabetic mice before and after injury. MiR-15b expression was significantly up-regulated in diabetic mouse wounds during the wound healing response.

Increased miR-15b levels also closely correlated with decreased gene expression of its proangiogenic target genes. Furthermore, the correction of the diabetic wound healing impairment with mesenchymal stem cell treatment was associated with a significant decrease in miR-15b expression level and increased gene expression of its proangiogenic target genes. These results provide the first evidence that increased expression of miR-15b in diabetic wounds in response to injury may, in part, be responsible for the abnormal angiogenic response seen in diabetic wounds and may contribute to the observed wound healing impairment.”
“Estradiol facilitates the expression of male sexual behavior in Japanese quail within a few minutes. These rapid behavioral effects of estradiol could result from rapid changes in its local production in the preoptic area by aromatase, the enzyme converting testosterone into estradiol. Alternatively, aromatase activity may remain constant but fluctuations of local estradiol production could arise from rapid changes in the concentration of the enzymatic substrate, namely testosterone.

Four London general practices implemented the template integrated

Four London general practices implemented the template integrated with usual practice. Twelve focus groups during the 6 month study period explored HCPs’ knowledge, communication and information sources

regarding TCAM and perceived barriers to template implementation.\n\nResults: HCPs were initially enthusiastic about learn more discussing TCAM, for improving communication and understanding patient’s choices, but the template was used in under a third of consultations. HCPs were surprised at low TCAM use (10%) and lack of correlation with eczema or ethnicity. Reported barriers were time and remembering, due to busy, target-driven practice.\n\nConclusion: HCPs recognize the importance of discussing TCAM use for childhood eczema, and potential benefits for HCP-patient communication.\n\nPractice implications: Future tools to facilitate TCAM discussion should prioritise use of existing

IT systems and address barriers to use, especially lack of time. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Some members of the nuclear transcription factor Y subunit B (NF-YB) have been newly reported to regulate a variety of functions in annual plant development and drought tolerance. The overall goal of this study was to identify and characterize the NF-YB genes in the model tree Populus trichocarpa, selleck chemicals llc with the expectation of determining which orthologs in P. euphratica, naturally distributed www.selleckchem.com/products/MK-2206.html in semiarid regions, were involved in drought response. A total of 20 NF-YB genes in the P. trichocarpa genome were identified and annotated. The examination on their phylogenetic relationships and ortholog predictions showed that Populus has an expanded set of NF-YB genes within

unknown functional groups in comparison to Arabidopsis. Four members of the PeNF-YB gene family in P. euphratica were found to be up-regulated in expression during PEG-6000 (polyethylene glycol 6000) drought treatment based on RT-qPCR analyses. The increased knowledge on the phylogenetic relationships, predicted orthologs, and expression patterns of the poplar NF-YB genes during drought stress can be expected to promote the future study of woody plants.”
“Waste dumping is one of the major causes of environment pollution in Bangladesh. This study was designed to assess the impact on health of children working in one of the garbage dumping sites in Dhaka. Blood samples were collected from exposed (n = 20, aged: 8-15 years, exposed to dumped garbage from 6 months to 6 years) and control subjects (n = 15, age matched and never worked in the garbage dumping site). Oxidative stress markers like lipid hydroperoxides, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances and protein carbonyl content were measured. Alkaline comet assay was performed to assess the possible damage in DNA. To check the consequences of possible toxic exposure, we performed liver function tests of the study subjects.

Results also suggested that general stress plays a (rather minor)

Results also suggested that general stress plays a (rather minor) mediating role in

the relationships between ERI and burnout and particularly between WLI and burnout.\n\nCONCLUSION: For the prevention of chronic stress and burnout one should consider both high efforts put into work as well as all job demands that are competing and interfering with family responsibilities or other private activities should be considered.”
“Purpose Evaluation of the feasibility, cost-effectiveness, time of surgery, morbidities, and other/additional findings during laparoscopy PLX3397 for suspected appendicitis.\n\nMethods Prospective evaluation of 148 laparoscopies for suspected acute appendicitis.\n\nResults Laparoscopic appendectomy was safe and cost-effective. No appendiceal stump leaks or wound infections occurred. Of the patients, 4.7%

developed intra-abdominal abscesses. Mean time of all procedures was 47 min: 42 min for simple appendectomies (n=126), 67 min for perforated appendicitis (n=15), and 75 min for converted procedures (n=7). Twenty-one of 148 (14.2%) patients had unexpected findings instead of appendicitis: inflamed epiploic appendices (three times), inflammatory disorders of intestine (five times), Epigenetics inhibitor intestinal adhesions (two times), ovarian cysts (six times: one time with mesenteric lymphadenitis, one time ruptured), tubo-ovarian abscess (one time), tubal necrosis (one time), adnexitis with mesenteric lymphadenitis (one time), and acute cholecystitis (one time). These diagnoses might have been missed during conventional open appendectomy and were, if necessary, treated during laparoscopy.\n\nConclusions Laparoscopic appendectomy should be recommended as standard procedure for acute appendicitis.”
“Purpose: Our purpose was to determine whether the local selleck chemicals llc application of fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 2 accelerates regeneration and remodeling of rotator cuff tendon defects reconstructed with acellular dermal matrix (ADM) grafts in rats. Methods: Thirty adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into equal groups undergoing FGF-treated and

FGF-untreated repairs. All rats underwent placement of ail ADM graft for the supraspinatus defect (3 x 5 mm). FGF-2 (100 mu g/kg) in a fibrin sealant was applied to both shoulders in the FGF-treated group, whereas only fibrin sealant was applied in untreated group. At 2, 6, and 12 weeks after surgery, 5 rats (10 shoulders) in each group were sacrificed for histologic analysis (3 shoulders) and biomechanical testing (7 shoulders). The controls were 5 unoperated rats (3 histologic and 7 biomechanical control specimens). Results: Unoperated control tendons inserted into the bone by direct insertion; there was a zone of fibrocartilage between the tendon and bone. At 2 weeks, the FGF-treated group had tendon maturing scores similar to those in the untreated group (P>.05).

The inverse relation between treatment delay and survival and rec

The inverse relation between treatment delay and survival and recurrence reflected adequate prioritization of advanced and high-risk cases and concurrently showed that, matched for stage and risk categories, treatment delay was not associated with worse cancer outcomes for patients with colon cancer. A reasonable delay between diagnosis and subsequent surgery is not detrimental to patient outcomes and permits more flexibility in scheduling and justifies allowing time to complete proper preoperative evaluation SCH727965 mw and staging, improving the quality

and safety of resection and treatment.”
“It has recently been demonstrated that CXCL12 is absent in colonic carcinoma, and hypermethylation of CXCL12 contributes to CXCL12/CXCR4 signaling in carcinoma metastasis. However, the role of CXCL12/CXCR4 axis, especially CXCL12, selleck products in the regulation of tumor invasiveness is largely still unknown. Using real-time quantitative RT-PCR assays, we observed that CXCR4 expression increased with increasing WHO grade in astrocytoma, suggesting that CXCR4

may be a marker of aggressive biological behavior of astrocytoma. Methylation of CXCL12 was detected in 34.2% (26/76) of astrocytomas by methylation-specific PCR. Epigenetic inactivation of CXCL12 was implicated mainly in low-grade astrocytomas, via DNA hypermethylation by DNMT1, -3A, and -3B; 21.1% (16/76) of the astrocytomas showed reduced or lack of CXCL12 expression, in line with epigenetic silencing of gene transcripts. However, it is interesting to note that 61.8% (47/76) of tumors, mainly high-grade astrocytomas, displayed elevated transcription of CXCL12. The expression levels of CXCL12 mRNA in glioblastomas (WHO grade IV) were significantly higher

than in normal brain tissues. In summary, our data show that CXCL12 promoter hypermethylation is an early event in astrocytoma development. However, the high expressions of CXCR4 and CXCL12 in glioblastomas, the more invasive astrocytomas, suggest a different role of CXCL12/CXCR4 signaling axis in astrocytoma progression. (C) 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.”
“Background: Use of donation after cardiac death (DCD) donors has been proposed as an effective way to expand the availability of hepatic allografts used in orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT); yet, there remains no consensus in the medical literature as to how to choose optimal recipients Fer-1 nmr and donors based on available information.\n\nMethods: We queried the United Network of Organ Sharing/Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network database for hepatic DCD allografts used in OLT. As of March 31, 2011, 85,148 patients received hepatic allografts from donation-after-brain-death (DBD) donors, and 2351 patients received hepatic allografts from DCD donors. We performed survival analysis using log-rank and Kaplan-Meier tests. We performed univariate and multivariate analyses using the Cox proportional hazards model. All statistics were performed with SPSS 15.0.

Crown Copyright (C) 2010 Published by Elsevier B V All rights re

Crown Copyright (C) 2010 Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“The ligation of interleukin-1 receptor (IL-1R) or tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNFR1) induces the recruitment of adaptor proteins and their concomitant ubiquitination to the proximal receptor signaling complex, respectively. Such are upstream signaling events of IKK that play essential roles in NF-kappa B activation. Thus, the discovery of a substance that would modulate the recruitment of key proximal signaling elements GDC-0068 PI3K/Akt/mTOR inhibitor at the upstream level of IKK has been impending in this field of study. Here, we propose that brazilin, an active compound of Caesalpinia sappan L. (Leguminosae), is a potent NF-kappa B inhibitor that

selectively disrupts the formation of the upstream IL-1R signaling complex. Analysis of upstream signaling events revealed that brazilin markedly abolished the IL-1 beta-induced polyubiquitination of IRAK1 and its interaction with IKK-gamma counterpart. Notably, pretreatment of brazilin drastically interfered the recruitment of the receptor-proximal signaling components including IRAK1/4 and TRAF6 onto MyD88 in IL-1R-triggerd NF-kappa B activation. Interestingly, brazilin

did not affect the TNF-induced RIP1 ubiquitination and the recruitment of RIP1 and TRAF2 to TNFR1, suggesting that brazilin is effective in selectively suppressing the proximal signaling complex formation of IL-1R, but not that of TNFR1. Moreover, our findings suggest that such a disruption check details of IL-1R-proximal complex formation by brazilin is not mediated by affecting

the heterodimerization of IL-1R and IL-1RAcP. Taken together, the results suggest that the anti-IKK activity of brazilin is induced by targeting IKK upstream Selleckchem SYN-117 signaling components and subsequently disrupting proximal IL-1 receptor signaling complex formation. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“When possible, oviparous females should deposit eggs in sites that maximize the future performance of their offspring. Therefore, studies of oviposition behavior may uncover parameters important to offspring fitness. Gravid female Aedes albopictus (Skuse) were given a choice of containers with leaf infusion or plain water, either open or with a cover with a small opening, and their behavior was compared under summer (long day, higher temperature) or fall (short day, lower temperature) regimes. Open containers with leaf infusion were always preferred, but over time, summer females expanded their choices to oviposit in all containers and follow-up experiments indicated that the number of eggs laid was inversely correlated to the number of eggs present. In contrast, fall females laying diapausing eggs that do not hatch until the spring, accumulated eggs in open containers with food resulting in high egg densities. Combined, these results demonstrate a seasonal shift that suggests either high winter egg mortality or safety in numbers. It also demonstrates that female Ae.

The attractiveness of plants to pea aphids (Acyrthosiphon

The attractiveness of plants to pea aphids (Acyrthosiphon

pisum Harris) was positively affected by AM fungi and correlated with the extent of root colonization; however, attractiveness was neither affected by P treatment nor correlated with leaf P concentration. These findings suggest that increased P uptake is not the main mechanism by which mycorrhiza increase the attractiveness of plants to aphids. Instead, the mechanism is likely to operate via AM fungi-induced plant systemic signalling.”
“Pediatric surgeons provide care for infants and children with a wide variety of conditions throughout the body. Many of these conditions are congenital or occur very early in life, and for this reason, providing continuity of care for these patients into adulthood is an emerging challenge. In the gastrointestinal tract, congenital and Selleckchem XMU-MP-1 acquired conditions are now associated with excellent long-term prognosis; however, little guidance on long-term care exists. The aim of this article is to discuss aspects that are important to transitioning

care of pediatric surgical patients with complex gastrointestinal disorders from pediatric to adult practitioners. Transitional care of patients with short bowel syndrome, Hirschsprung Disease, and anorectal malformations will be the focus of this discussion, but the concepts

introduced here may translate selleck chemical to other diagnoses as well. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“Zhang JJ, Wu M, Schoene NW, Cheng WH, Wang TT, Alshatwi AA, Alsaif M, Lei KY. Effect of resveratrol and zinc on intracellular zinc status in normal human prostate epithelial cells. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 297: C632-C644, 2009. First published June 24, 2009; doi:10.1152/ajpcell.00139.2009.-To evaluate the influence of resveratrol on cellular zinc status, normal human selleck chemicals prostate epithelial (NHPrE) cells were treated with resveratrol (0, 0.5, 1, 2.5, 5, and 10 mu M) and zinc [0, 4, 16, and 32 mu M, representing zincdeficient (ZD), zinc-normal (ZN), zinc-adequate (ZA), and zinc-supplemented (ZS) conditions, respectively]. A progressive reduction in cell growth was observed in cells treated with increasing amounts of resveratrol (2.5-10 mu M). Resveratrol at 5 and 10 mu M resulted in a dramatic increase in cellular total zinc concentration, especially in ZS cells. Flow cytometry indicated that 10 mu M resveratrol induced arrest of the cell cycle at the G(2)/M phase in association with the observed cell growth inhibition. Data from an in vitro experiment using zinquin as an indicator of intracellular free Zn(II) status demonstrated complex interactions between resveratrol and Zn(II).