Due to high boiling point (76.7 °C) ethyl acetate removed from external phase under vacuum. This also helps to encapsulation and stop particle size growth at ending step. After separation of nanoparticles freeze drying removed total water from it and stabilized size of particles. Effect of drug–polymer ratio on particle size, encapsulation efficiency and drug content is shown in Table 1. As the ratio of polymer increased particle size and encapsulation efficiency was also increased. This is because of saturation concentration of organic Sotrastaurin phase increased with viscosity at maximum ratio which helps to enlarge the size and a maximum encapsulation with a homogenous matrix. It was observed that internal
phase viscosity of 1:6 ratio was higher than 1:4 and 1:4 ratio viscosity was higher than 1:2 ratio (p < 0.05) ( Table 1). During the process selleck screening library of emulsification, lower viscous internal phase i.e. 1:2 ratio get dispersed in small globules and gives small particles. As viscosity increased diffusion of polymer–solvent phase in external aqueous phase decreased or difficult to dispersed due to resistance in higher mass transfer and
resulted in larger droplets gives more particle size than lower viscous internal phase (p < 0.05). 13 and 14 Viscosity also influenced on percentage yield and encapsulation efficiency of recovered nanoparticles. As polymer concentration increased the binding capacity or matrix forming competency
of polymer with drug also increased. Due to this the maximum amounts of drug get entrapped in polymeric core and give more encapsulation and percentage yield of recovered nanoparticles in higher drug–polymer ratio than lower one (p < 0.05). 15 But at minimum ratio the polymer was insufficient to coat drug molecule during high speed and high pressure homogenization and causes drug loss even fast precipitation due to hydrophobicity. From obtained results it was concluded that higher amount of EC required to achieve maximum mafosfamide amount of REPA at a targeted site. Particle size facilitates the understanding of the dispersion and aggregation. As the particle size decreased the attractive forces between particles increased. Therefore addition of surfactant is necessary to reduce aggregation. In this preparation 0.5% PVA was sufficient to maintain optimum zeta potential. Zeta potential is electric potential in the interfacial double layer at the slipping plane vs a point in dispersing liquid away from interface. The importance of zeta potential is that its value can be associated with the stability of colloidal dispersion. The zeta potential of sample will determine whether the particles within a liquid will tend to flocculate or not. Means it indicates degree of repulsion between closest similarly charged particles in dispersion. 16 Obtained results conclude that all three formulations were stable (See Table 1).