Several different types of posttranslational modifi cations of MYC have been described, including phos phorylation, acetylation, and ubiquitination. The ubiquitin proteasome system is the major protein degrad ation regulatory pathway involved in cell differentiation and growth control. FBXW7 encodes an F box protein subunit of the Skp1 Cul1 F box complex ubiquitin ligase complex. new post SCFFBXW7 induces degradation of the products of positive cell cycle regulator genes, such as cyclin E, MYC, NOTCH, and JUN, through phosphorylation dependent ubiquitination. Among SCFFBXW7 substrates, MYC is of particular importance in cell cycle exit because it is thought to play a role in determining whether mam malian cells divide or not. Deregulated FBXW7 expression is a major cause of carcinogenesis.
Loss of FBXW7 expression can lead to MYC overexpression and has been associated with poor prognosis in GC patients. However, MYC activation by FBXW7 loss triggers activation of p53, Inhibitors,Modulators,Libraries which plays a key role in the regulation of cellular responses to DNA damage and abnormal expression of oncogenes. Induction of cell cycle arrest by p53 allows for DNA repair or apoptosis induction. Thus, concomitant loss of FBXW7 and TP53 is necessary to induce genetic instability and tumorigenesis. In the present study, we investigated MYC, FBXW7, and TP53 gene copy number variation and mRNA and protein expression in GC samples and gastric adenocar cinoma cell lines. Possible associations between our findings and the clinicopathological Inhibitors,Modulators,Libraries features and or invasion and migration capability of the cell lines were also evaluated.
Methods Clinical samples Samples were obtained from 33 GC patients who under went surgical treatment Anacetrapib at the Jo?o de Barros Barreto University Hospital in Par State, Brazil. Dissected tumor and paired non neoplastic tissue specimens were immediately cut from the stomach and frozen in liquid nitrogen until RNA extraction. The clinicopathological features of the patient samples are shown in Table 1. GC samples were classified according to Lauren. All GC samples showed the Inhibitors,Modulators,Libraries presence of Helicobacter pylori, and the cagA virulence factor Inhibitors,Modulators,Libraries was determined by PCR analysis of ureA and cagA as described by Clayton et al. and Covacci et al. respectively. All patients had negative histories of exposure to either chemotherapy or radiotherapy before surgery, and there were no other co occurrences of diag nosed cancers.
Informed consent with approval of the ethics committee of the Federal University Enzastaurin 170364-57-5 of Par was obtained. Cells lines Gastric adenocarcinoma cell lines ACP02 and ACP03 were cultured in complete RPMI medium supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum, 1% penicillin streptomycin, and 1% kanamycin. Copy number variation DNA was extracted using a DNAQiamp mini kit according to the manufacturers instructions.