NNU EWC WNCIEON EWAOUE 31:445–447 Van der
Leeuw, Sander, Wiek, Arnim, Harlow, John, Buizer, James (2012). How much time do we have? Urgency and rhetoric in sustainability science. Sustain Sci: 7 (Supplement 1:115–120). doi 10.1007/s11625-011-0153-1. Vitousek P, Mooney H, Lubchenco J, Melillo JM (1997) selleckchem Human Domination of Earth’s Ecosystems. Science, New Series, Vol. 277, No. 5325: 494–499. Available online at http://webspace.pugetsound.edu/facultypages/kburnett/readings/vitousek.pdf. Accessed July 1, 2014 Wiek A, Ness B, Schweizer-Ries P, Brand F, Farioli F (2012) From complex systems thinking to transformational change: a comparative study on the epistemological and methodological challenges in sustainability find more click here science projects. Sustain Sci 7(s1):5–24CrossRef Footnotes 1 see, http://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/futurewewant.html. 2 See, also, Klein (1990) on the history of interdisciplinarity which tracks the types of border traffic between disciplines (e.g., multidisciplinarity, crossdisciplinarity and transdisciplinarity) to overcome problems of specialization to better address complex issues. 3 See the special
issue of Sustainability Science, Sustainability science: bridging the gap between science and society. Sustain Sci vol 7, supplement 1, February 2012. 4 www.futureearth.com/info.”
“Introduction In the past decade, the new academic
research program (sensu Khagram et al. 2010) of sustainability has rapidly emerged (Yarime et al. 2012; van der Leeuw et al. 2012), seeking to understand the complex, dynamic interactions between human and environmental systems (Kates et al. 2001; Clark and Dickson 2003). The recent increase in conferences, departments, educational programs, and journals (such as this one) with an explicit focus on sustainability demonstrates the emergence and growing level of establishment of a new academic field. The field of sustainability explicitly aims to integrate environmental, social, and economic dimensions (Komiyama and Takeuchi 2006). To do so, sustainability draws heavily from a wide variety of foundational disciplines (e.g., geography, environmental science, ecology, economics, political science, and selleck chemical sociology) that span academic divisions across natural and social sciences and the arts and humanities, although sustainability is defined more by the problems it addresses rather than the disciplines it employs (Clark 2007). Reflecting the growth in the field of sustainability overall, there has been a recent expansion of programs in higher education explicitly focused on sustainability (Vincent et al. 2013). In the US, for example, sustainability degree programs have grown from just one in 2006 to over 140 programs in 2012 (Vincent et al. 2013).