Death with functioning graft due to infections is the most common cause of patient loss in our transplant scenario. KPD is safe, cost-effective. KPD is just like any other conventional transplant but it entails: (i) eligible pair availability; (ii) state legislative permission which would take a long time;
(iii) a large pool of recipients and donors to choose from; and most importantly (iv) more than one transplant team. High donor-recipient age difference should not be a major barrier for KPD, particularly when the size of donor pool is small. KTx recipients of live related and unrelated donors have similar graft and patient survival even when the donor is up to 30 years older than the recipient. Thus, LD, who are up to 30
years older than their recipients, selleck chemicals provide kidneys of excellent quality. These findings are of relevance when considering KPD because the chance of finding a suitable match should not be unnecessarily limited by unjustified restrictions on the perceived disadvantage of high donor-recipient age difference.[21, 22] Comparatively short waiting time in KPD will save the cost of maintenance dialysis and selleck chemical associated morbidity and mortality. Our study comparing outcomes of KPD (n = 34) versus LDKTx (n = 190) showed similar graft survival, patient survival and rejection rates over 2 years post-transplantation. not The effect of HLA mismatches on adverse graft survival in KPD group was diminished by
using thymoglobulin and maintenance immunosuppression with prednisolone, tacrolimus and mycophenolate. Prolonged cold ischemia time (CIT) does not result in an inferior outcome in any group with >2 h CIT compared with the 0–2 h CIT. Comparable long-term outcome for these grafts suggests that transport of LD organs may be feasible instead of transporting the donor where CIT < 8 h. KPD can be extended from single-centre two-way ‘swaps’ to multicentre KPD chains in which LD organs could be shipped without compromising outcome. End stage kidney disease patients with compatible, but fully HLA mismatched donors over 45 years of age should be approached for inclusion in KPD programs, especially O blood group donors. The participation of compatible pairs nearly doubles the match rate for incompatible pairs.[26, 27] We should identify as many compatible pairs as possible, to maximize the number of matched pairs, and ensure that we address the needs of specific populations, including children and highly sensitized candidates.