ZD55-Sur-EGFP could kill colorectal cancer cells more powerfully compared with other groups (Fig 6). Figure 6 Cells were transfected with ZD55-Sur-EGFP, ZD55-EGFP ADS-Sur-EGFP and AD-EGFP respectively at MOI of 5. On 1 to 5 days post transfection, cells were subjected to MTT assay. This diagram shows the result of cell viability in each group. *P < 0.0001 vs other groups. Apoptosis induced by adenoviruses As shown in Fig 7, the transfection of oncolytic adenoviruse with Survivin shRNA remarkably increased apoptotic populations in SW480 and LoVo cells by FCM analysis. The apoptotic rate in cancer cells PRI-724 transfected with ZD55-Sur-EGFP (68.02% and 63.79%) was of great statistic significance
compared with ZD55-EGFP (10.46% and 13.38%), AD-Sur-EGFP (27.57% and 31.09%) and AD-EGFP (6.14 and 6.74%) groups Figure selleck kinase inhibitor 7 Cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry. The apoptotic rates of SW480 and LoVo cells infected with ZD55-Sur-EGFP were obviously higher (68.02% ± 6.88% and 63.79% ± 6.06%; P < 0.0001) than that of ZD55-EGFP (10.46% ± 2.31% and 13.38% ± 3.05%), AD-Sur-EGFP (27.57% ± 2.49% and 31.09% ± 2.68%) and AD-EGFP groups (6.14% ± 0.72% and 6.74% ± 0.47%). To confirm the apoptosis was mediated by caspase activation, we next examined the caspase-3 activation by immunoblot analysis. In both SW480 and LoVo
cells, the cleaved fragments of caspase-3 increased along with the decrease of procaspase-3 MycoClean Mycoplasma Removal Kit in ZD55-Sur-EGFP and AD-Sur-EGFP infected groups, and the activation of caspase-3 was more obvious in ZD55-Sur-EGFP group. Infections with ZD-EGFP and AD-EGFP did not affect the status of caspase-3 (Fig 8). Figure 8 Effect of adenoviruses on caspase-3 activity in SW480 and LoVo cells. Western blot analysis was performed 48 h post infection. The activation of caspase-3 (demonstrated as increased expression of cleaved fragments
of caspase-3) was more obvious in ZD455-Sur-EGFP group (D) than in AD-Sur-EGFP group (C), whereas AD-EGFP (A) and ZD55-EGFP (B) did not actvivate caspase-3. Effects of AD-Sur-EGFP on in vivo xenograft tumor model To further investigate the antitumor effect of oncolytic adenovirus mediated Survivin knock down on the in vivo CRC tumor growth. SW480 cells suspended in serum free medium were subcutaneously implanted into nude mice and various adenoviruses were injected via tail vein. 60 days later the mice were sacrificed and tumors were resected. The PBS treated group HTS assay outgrowth other groups (2536.44 mm3 in volume). The mean volume of ZD55-Sur-EGFP group was 108.80 mm3, which was much smaller than the ZD55-EGFP group (863.56 mm3), AD-Sur-EGFP group (1224.97 mm3), AD-EGFP group (2278.21 mm3) and PBS treated group (Fig 9a,b). Figure 9 Antitumor effects of oncolytic virus mediated Survivin RNAi in nude mice xenograft tumor model. 4-week-old female BALBC/C nude mice were injected subcutaneously with SW480 cells and then with adenoviruses injected through the tail vein.