Urinary Emmprin, MMP-9 and TIMP-1 may be noninvasive potential biomarkers that could be used for long-term follow-up of children with UPJ narrowing on conservative buy AUY-922 treatment to determine those who might develop
“151 CLASS II EXPRESSING RENAL TUBULAR CELLS LEAD TO RECONSTITUTION OF CD4 T CELLS IN CLASS II DEFICIENT MICE Y M WANG1, GY ZHANG1, A SAWYER1, JH ZHOU1, M HU2, G ZHENG2, Y WANG2, DC HARRIS2, SI ALEXANDER1 1Centre for Kidney Research, Children’s Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, NSW; 2Centre for Transplantation and Renal Research, University of Sydney, Westmead Millennium Institute, Sydney, NSW, Australia Aims: To identify whether reconstitution of Class II expression in thymus by Class II expressing renal tubular cells may lead Selleckchem Midostaurin to reconstitution of kidney specific CD4 T cells in Class II deficient mice. Background: Regulatory T cells (Tregs) are generated
in thymus and are of the CD4 subset. Tregs require MHC Class II to be selected in the thymus. MHC Class II knockout (Class II−/−) mice are deficient in CD4 T cells. Studies have shown that renal tubular cells can express MHC class II. This study identifies the induction of CD4 T cells and Tregs by reconstitution of Class II expressing tubular cells into thymus. Methods: Renal tubular cells were isolated from C57BL/6 Ly5.1 mice and were cultured with IFN-γ. The cultured tubular cells were assessed for Class II expression and
then injected into the thymus of Class II−/− mice. CD4, CD8 and Tregs were assessed by flow cytometry prior and after tubular cell injection. Two months after thymus injection, CD4 T cells and Tregs were assessed many in kidney and spleen by immunohistochemical staining. Results: 30% of tubular cells expressed MHC Class II after ten-day co-culture with IFN-γ. CD4+ T cells in Class II−/− mice increased from less than 1% of total CD3+ T cells before tubular cell injection to 1.4% at week four and 7% at two months after tubular cell thymic injection. Immunohistochemical staining showed that there were increased CD4+ T cells and Tregs in spleen and kidney for these class II deficient mice. Conclusions: Reconstitution of Class II expression in thymus by class II expressing renal tubular cells lead to reconstitution of CD4 T cells including Tregs in Class II deficient mice.