These particles self-organize into hierarchically ordered supramolecular structures in the bulk For example, the Janus particle with isobutyl groups on one
POSS and carboxylic Quizartinib cost groups on the other self-assembles into a bilayered structure with head-to-head, tail-to-tail arrangements of each particle, which further organize into a three-dimensional orthorhombic lattice. While the ordered structure in the layers was lost upon heating via a first-order transition, the bilayered structure persisted throughout This study provides a model system of well-defined molecular Janus particles for the general understanding of their self-assembly and hierarchical structure formation in the condensed state.”
“Purpose: To develop a technique to monitor the dose rate in the urethra during permanent implant brachytherapy using a linear MOSFET array, with sufficient accuracy and without significantly extending the implantation time.\n\nMethods and Materials: Phantom measurements were performed to determine the optimal conditions for clinical measurements. In vivo
measurements were performed in 5 patients during the (125)I brachytherapy implant procedure. To evaluate if the urethra dose obtained in the operating room with the ultrasound transducer in the rectum and the patient in treatment position is a reference for the total accumulated dose; additional measurements were performed after the implantation procedure, in the recovery room.\n\nResults: PARP cancer In vivo measurements during see more and after the implantation procedure agree very well, illustrating that the ultrasound transducer in the rectum and patient positioning do not influence the measured dose in the urethra. In vivo
dose values obtained during the implantation are therefore representative for the total accumulated dose in the urethra. In 5 patients, the dose rates during and after the implantation were below the maximum dose rate of the urethra, using the planned seed distribution.\n\nConclusion: In vivo dosimetry during the implantation, using a MOSFET array, is a feasible technique to evaluate the dose in the urethra during the implantation of (125)I seeds for prostate brachytherapy. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc.”
“Serotonergic neurons in the median raphe nucleus (MnR) are stimulated by alpha(1)-adrenergic agonists and inhibited by alpha(2) agonists. This study investigated the participation of MnR alpha(2)-adrenergic receptors in the control of anxiety-like behavior and feeding as an attempt to establish a functional association between these behaviors. The alpha(2)-adrenergic agonist clonidine (CLON) was injected into the MnR (0, 0.2, 2, 6, 20 nmol), into the pontine nucleus (Pn) or into the mesencephalic reticular formation (mRt) (0.2, 20 nmol) of free-feeding rats. The animals were exposed to the elevated plus-maze to evaluate spatial-temporal and ethological variables.