Therefore, the study was directed to dose-dependent radiation experiments in large animal dogs with the aim of evaluating acute radiation syndrome. Methods: Beagle dogs (totle 40, control group 4) treated by tridimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) on abdominal irradiation were given single-dose from X ray at total doses ranging from 4–30 Gy and delivered at dose rates of 250 cGy/min. The degree of gastrointestinal (GI) tract injury for all animal models after radiation Selleck Tamoxifen exposure within 30 days were evaluated from four aspects: clinical syndrome, endoscopic findings, histological features, serology characteristics. Results: With increasing totle dose, the degree of radiation enteritis and mortality were aggravated. The range
of totle dose (4–14 Gy, 16–22 Gy, 24–30 Gy) represented the degree of injury
(light, moderate and heavy), respectively. Acute radiation enteritis included clinical syndrome with vomiting, diarrhea, hemafecia and loss of weight; typical endoscopic findings with edema, bleeding, ulcer, mucosal abrasion and stricture; intestinal biopsy results with mucosal necrosis, erosion, loss and inflammatory cells infiltrated; The content changes of plasm diamine oxides (DAO) and D-xylose represented intestinal barrier function and absorption function correlated with damaged extent (P < 0.001 and P < 0.001 respectively). Conclusion: The method of assessment on the degree GI tract injury after abdominal irradiation would be beneficial to develop novel and effective therapeutic strategies for acute radiation enteritis. Key Word(s): 1. radiation enteritis; 2. endoscopy; 3. diamine oxides; 4. D-xylose; Presenting Author: BIYUN LIN www.selleckchem.com/products/BKM-120.html Additional Authors: XIAOHUA HOU, XUELIAN XIANG, XIAOPING XIE Corresponding Author: XIAOHUA HOU Affiliations: Department of Gastroenterology,
Zhongshan Hospital Affliated to Xiamen University; Division of Gastroenterology, Union Hospital of Tongji Medical College, Hu Objective: Three-dimensional high-resolution anorectal manometry (3D-HRAM) imagery, combined with Verteporfin research buy topographical mapping, provides a better understanding of the anorectal anatomy for increased diagnostic confidence than High-Resolution anorectal Manometry (HRAM) and Water-Perfused anorectal Manometry (WPAM). We armed to compare measurement values, pressure morphology and patients’ tolerance as well as operators’ convenience of 3D-HRAM with HRAM and WPAM. Methods: 26 asymptomatic subjects ranging in age from 20 to 66 years (median age 39 years) and 2 patients with dyssynergic defecation (anal sphincters dyssynergia and puborectalis dyssynergia, respectively) were included in the study. Subjects referred for anorectal manometry (ARM) underwent simultaneous 3D-HRAM, HRAM and WPAM in random order, and separated by 60 min. Subjects were asked to performed an balloon expulsion test (BET) and gave a visual analogue score (VAS) soon after each test. Anorectal pressures, rectal sensation, pressure morphology and balloon expulsion time were compared.