Sixteen of these (15%) presented with AOI at baseline After 6 mo

Sixteen of these (15%) presented with AOI at baseline. After 6 months therapy 13 patients (81%) resolved AOI while two presented an Hb level reduction. After 6 months therapy we did not find a significant statistical improvement in red blood cell numbers (P = 0.85) and transferrin (P = 0.08) levels. Hb, mean corpuscular volume (MCV), iron, ferritin, C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) improved reaching statistical significance (P = 0.0002, 0.0001, 0.001, AZD5363 price 0.014; 0.007, 0.004, respectively). Conclusion:  We found 15% frequency of AOI among a selected series of patients with AS. After 6 months of anti-TNFα therapy AOI resolved in the majority of patients

with significant improvement of Hb, MCV, CRP and ESR levels. “
“To evaluate the prevalence and severity of periodontal disease in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who attended a rheumatology clinic in a university hospital. All consecutive patients with RA who attended the rheumatology clinic between June 2009 and January 2010 were asked to enroll in this buy Dactolisib study. All participants answered questionnaires, which included demographic

data, medical history, medications used and smoking habits. A full mouth periodontal examination, including gingival index, plaque index, probing pocket depth and clinical attachment level was performed. Only cases that had at least 20 teeth were included in this study. Rheumatoid arthritis parameters, including number of tender and swollen joints, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, the presence of rheumatoid factor (RF), hand radiographs, Disease Activity Index (DAS) and health status using the Thai Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ), were determined. The association between RA parameters and periodontal condition was examined. There were 196 participants (87.2% female) with a mean age of 51.7 ± 9.70 years, mean disease duration of 9.62 ± 7.0 years and mean DAS score of 4.64 ± 1.25. Eighty-two per cent were RF-positive. Moderate and severe periodontitis were

found in 42% and 57%, respectively. Higher age, male gender, previous or current smoking and high level of plaque score were associated with severe periodontal disease. No differences in RA parameters were found between groups of patients who had moderate and severe periodontitis. We found a high prevalence of periodontitis MycoClean Mycoplasma Removal Kit in Thai patients with RA. However, there was no association between RA parameters and periodontal conditions. “
“Aims:  To describe clinical features of patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) from southern and northern China, and investigate the effects of onset age, gender and regional differences on disease phenotype. Methods:  Totally 113 AS patients from southern China and 121 AS patients from northern China were analyzed retrospectively. Results:  In southern and northern groups, low back pain was more frequent among initial symptoms (54.9% vs. 7.7%; 52.4% vs.

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