September 2007 49 Royal College of Physicians of London (1999)

September 2007. 49. Royal College of Physicians of London (1999) Osteoporosis: clinical guidelines for prevention and treatment. RCP, London”
“Introduction Hip fractures are common events in the geriatric population and are often associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Mortality from hip fracture [1] approaches 20% or more at 1 year. Of those who survive to 6 months [2], only 60% recover their prefracture walking ability. Approximately 25% of the individuals [3] who were living independently before

the fracture require long-term Stattic nursing care. Hip fracture is considered a surgical disease; thus, prompt surgical correction is necessary for preservation of function. The surgery [4] itself carries a 4% mortality risk.

Medical specialists [5] including cardiologists are often involved in the care of these geriatric patients as most of them have comorbid conditions that must be managed concomitantly with their fracture. Cardiovascular and thromboembolic TPCA-1 research buy complications are among some of the commonest adverse events that could be experienced by these elderly patients during hospitalisation besides infection, delirium, etc., which could potentially contribute to the risk of functional decline, nursing home admission and mortality. This review article will focus on three parts: 1. periprocedural management of patients with hip fracture, who happened to be taking anti-platelet Small molecule library cell line agents(single

or dual) for underlying coronary artery disease with particular emphasis on those who received coronary stents,   2. general overview of the thromboembolic prophylaxis in geriatric Casein kinase 1 patients undergoing semi-urgent hip fracture surgery,   3. discussion on regional anaesthesia.   Timing of surgical intervention for hip fracture Hip fracture surgery should be performed within 24 to 48 h of hospitalisation for patients who are medically stable and without significant comorbidities. Most studies [6–10] have shown that surgical repair within this timeframe significantly reduces mortality. For patients with active comorbid medical conditions, such as unstable angina, congestive heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, etc., it is prudent to delay the operation to as long as 72 h and optimise their medical conditions first. Anti-platelet agents The two most common anti-platelet agents encountered in clinical practice are aspirin and thienopyridines (e.g., clopidogrel and ticlopidine). They are usually taken by patients with atherothrombotic disease. Some patients may be taking dual anti-platelet therapy due to implantation of coronary artery stents, acute coronary syndrome and cerebrovascular disease. Anti-platelet agents are often stopped before elective surgery in order to reduce procedure-related bleeding.

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