Oxygen was administered according to a standardized protocol We

Oxygen was administered according to a standardized protocol. We assumed children with the following criteria could have been sent home with O-2, instead of being kept in hospital: age a parts per thousand yen2 months, distance between home and selleck chemicals llc hospital < 50 km, in-hospital observation a parts per thousand yen24 h, O-2 requirement a parts per thousand

currency sign1.0 L/min, stable clinical condition, no enteral tube feeding, and intravenous fluids < 50 mL/kg/day. Children with significant underlying disease were excluded. A total of 177 children were included. Median age was 2.0 months (range 0-11), and median length of stay was 3.0 days (range 0-18). Forty-eight percent of patients (85/177) received oxygen during their hospital stay. Criteria for discharge with HOT were met in 7.1 % of patients, a mean of 1.8

days (SD 1.8) prior to real discharge. The number of patient-days of hospitalization which would have been saved had HOT been available was 21, representing 3.0 % of total patient-days of hospitalization for bronchiolitis over the study period (21/701). Conclusions: In this study setting, few children were eligible for an early discharge with HOT. Home oxygen therapy would not significantly decrease the overall burden of hospitalization for bronchiolitis.”
“Purpose : A number of contradictory studies have reported a role or not for 3-deazaneplanocin A p53 (protein 53) in the production of radiation-induced bystander effects. Most of these studies JNK-IN-8 mw looked at a range of cell lines with

normal or compromised p53 function.\n\nMethods: In this study, Human Colon Tumour line 116 (HCT 116) cells with confirmed wild type p53 function and a corresponding p53 null HCT 116 line were used to test for bystander signal production and response to bystander signals in a mix/match protocol using the medium transfer technique.\n\nResults : The results showed that both the null cells and the wild type cells produced bystander signals. However, only the p53 wild type cells responded to signals from either cell line. The Human Papilloma Virus transfected keratinocyte line G (HPV-G) reporter cell line used routinely in our laboratory was used to confirm that the null cells were producing signals.\n\nConclusions : We conclude that in this system the p53 pathway is involved in response of cells to bystander signals but that signals can be produced by cells which do not have functional p53. If these results apply in vivo, they could be important in radiotherapy where tumours may have compromised p53 function but surrounding (and distant) normal tissue may have wild type functional p53.

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