Host protein citrullination by P  gingivalis peptidylarginine dei

Host protein citrullination by P. gingivalis peptidylarginine deiminase could be analyzed using anticitrulline antibodies to study the link between rheumatoid arthritis, autoimmune disease, and periodontal disease Erlotinib research buy (Detert et al., 2010; Wegner et al., 2010). We thank

the staff of the ‘H2P2 platform of Histo-pathologie’ of the University of Rennes 1 for invaluable assistance with biopsy conservation, cryostat use, and laser capture microdissection. We also acknowledge all of the dental surgeons who kindly provided us with biopsies. This study was supported by ‘sourire quand même’, by the Langlois Foundation, and by the Brittany Council. “
“Allergen-specific immunotherapy (SIT) is a clinically effective therapy for immunoglobulin (Ig)E-mediated allergic diseases. To reduce the risk of IgE-mediated side effects, chemically modified allergoids have been introduced. Furthermore, adsorbance of allergens to aluminium hydroxide (alum) is widely used to enhance the immune response. The mechanisms behind the adjuvant effect of alum are still not completely understood. In the present study we analysed the effects of alum-adsorbed allergens and allergoids on their immunogenicity in vitro and in vivo and their ability to activate basophils of allergic donors. Human monocyte derived dendritic

cells (DC) were incubated with native Phleum pratense or Betula verrucosa allergen extract or formaldehyde- or glutaraldehyde-modified allergoids, adsorbed or unadsorbed to alum. After maturation, DC were co-cultivated with autologous CD4+ T cells. Allergenicity was tested by leukotriene and histamine release of human basophils.

Finally, in-vivo immunogenicity was analysed by IgG production of immunized mice. T cell proliferation for as well as interleukin (IL)-4, IL-13, IL-10 and interferon (IFN)-γ production were strongly decreased using glutaraldehyde-modified allergoids, but did not differ between alum-adsorbed allergens or allergoids and the corresponding unadsorbed preparations. Glutaraldehyde modification also led to a decreased leukotriene and histamine release compared to native allergens, being further decreased by adsorption to alum. In vivo, immunogenicity was reduced for allergoids which could be partly restored by adsorption to alum. Our results suggest that adsorption of native allergens or modified allergoids to alum had no consistent adjuvant effect but led to a reduced allergenicity in vitro, while we observed an adjuvant effect regarding IgG production in vivo. “
“Because the incidence of tuberculosis (TB) is still high in developing countries, an inexpensive and rapid diagnostic test for this infection is needed. To develop a screening test for TB, MPB64 antigen was produced by recombinant technology and purified with a polyhistidine tag.

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