Devices currently available for local PWV measurement are mainly

Devices currently available for local PWV measurement are mainly based on ultrasound systems and have not yet been generalized to clinical practice since they require high

technical expertise and most of them are limited in precision, due to the lack of reliable signal processing methods. The present work describes a new type of probe, based on a double-headed piezoelectric (PZ) sensor. The principle of PWV measurement involves determination of the pulse transit time between the signals acquired simultaneously by both PZs, placed LY3039478 order 23 mm apart. The double probe (DP) characterization is accomplished in three main studies, carried out in a dedicated test bench system, capable of reproducing a range of clinically relevant properties of the cardiovascular system. The first study refers to determination of the impulse response (IR) for each PZ sensor, whereas the second one explores the existence of crosstalk between both transducers. In the last one, DP time resolution is inferred from a set of three different algorithms based on (a) the maximum of cross-correlation function, (b) the maximum amplitude detection and (c) the zero-crossing point identification. These values were compared with those Fedratinib nmr obtained by the reference method, which consists of the SB203580 cell line simultaneous acquisition of pressure

waves by means of two

pressure sensors. The new probe demonstrates good performance on the test bench system and results show that the signals do not exhibit crosstalk. A good agreement was also verified between the PWV obtained from the DP signals (19.55 +/- 2.02 ms(-1)) and the PWV determined using the reference method (19.26 +/- 0.04 ms(-1)). Although additional studies are still required, this probe seems to be a valid alternative to local PWV stand-alone devices.”
“Inflammatory back pain (IBP) is a concept, which elements characterize the spinal involvement of patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). The identification of patients with IBP depends on the clinical setting and the diagnostic value of several IBP criteria. IBP differentiation from non-inflammatory, mechanical chronic back might be sometimes difficult, but the role of IBP diagnosis in the early stage of axSpA and AS leads to a better treatment.”
“The evolution of occipitocervical fixation and new rigid universal screw-rod construct technology has allowed secure anchorage at each level of the occipitocervical junction with the elimination of rigid external orthoses. Rigid occipitocervical instrumentation constructs have achieved higher fusion rates and less postoperative immobilization-associated complications.

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