As predicted, grey mouse lemurs foraged risk-sensitively CDK assay indicated by longer latencies to enter a feeding platform and to start feeding as well as by relatively longer feeding time compared to nonfeeding in high-risk situations. Individual differences in risk taking were repeatable and repeatability increased with increasing risk. Individual plasticity was higher for low-risk individuals providing field evidence for coping styles. There was no relationship between individual body condition and risk-taking behaviour. Finally, boldness measured in a novel object test was correlated with risk taking in a foraging task, providing a rare ecological validation for this personality
trait. These results suggest that intrinsic individual differences JNK-IN-8 in boldness need to be considered as an important source of variation when testing predictions of risk-sensitive foraging using optimality approaches. (C) 2012 The Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Constructed wetlands (CWs) are widely used natural-like systems for wastewater treatment where organic matter is removed through carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. Several studies have been conducted regarding emissions
and the sequestration of CO2 in CWs in the Northern Hemisphere; however, to the best of our knowledge, no studies have been performed in the Mediterranean Basin. This work quantified daily and cumulative CO2 emissions click here from a full-scale CW horizontal subsurface flow (HSSF) bed during semiarid Mediterranean spring climate conditions. The average daily CO2-C that was released in the atmosphere during the first 50 days ranged from approximately 17.5% to 32.6% of the C that was removed from wastewater. Considering both the Phragmites australis aerial part dry matter production (0.83 kg m(-2)) and the average CO2-C emissions, after 50 days of vegetative regrowth, the HSSF bed was demonstrated
to act as a CO2 sink. The cumulative CO2 efflux was 452.15 +/- 50.40 CO2 gm(-2) and 276.02 +/- 12.07 CO2 gm(-2) for vegetated and unvegetated sites, respectively. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“1. The absorption, metabolism and excretion of teneligliptin were investigated in healthy male subjects after a single oral dose of 20 mg [C-14]teneligliptin. 2. Total plasma radioactivity reached the peak concentration at 1.33 h after administration and thereafter disappeared in a biphasic manner. By 216 h after administration, bigger than = 90% of the administered radioactivity was excreted, and the cumulative excretion in the urine and faeces was 45.4% and 46.5%, respectively. 3. The most abundant metabolite in plasma was a thiazolidine-1-oxide derivative (designated as M1), which accounted for 14.7% of the plasma AUC (area under the plasma concentration versus time curve) of the total radioactivity.