Self-treatment Small molecule library datasheet for probable malaria was always atovaquone/proguanil, according to French recommendations. The preferred regimens for prophylaxis were doxycycline (n = 282, 48%), atovaquone/proguanil (n = 205, 34.7%), and mefloquine (n = 57; 9.6%). The other prescriptions were choice left to patients among the three preferred options (n = 16; 2.7%), chloroquine/proguanil (n = 27; 4.5%), and chloroquine (n = 4; 0.7%). Prescriptions were in accordance to the French 2008 recommendations in 95.1% (95% CI: 93–96.5%) of the cases (578 of 608). Non-conforming

prescriptions are detailed Daporinad manufacturer in Figure 1. Four patients were prescribed chloroquine/proguanil although the trip was planned to an area with high prevalence of resistance in sub-Saharan Africa: Senegal, Mali, and Burkina Faso (which changed from area 2 to area 3 during the study in the June 2008 issue of the BEH). One of these travelers came

back with Plasmodium falciparum malaria. He presented a mild case and was treated as an outpatient with atovaquone/proguanil with a favorable outcome. Another patient received a prescription of chemoprophylaxis without indication. He got a prescription of atovaquone/proguanil for a trip to Vietnam, but he visited only Hanoi where Sclareol there is no risk for malaria. The reasons given by physicians for their choices of malaria prophylaxis were cost (n = 282; 49%), tolerability (n = 74; 13%), duration of prophylaxis after exposure (n = 160; 29%), benefit of a weekly regimen (n = 31; 5%) or because a similar prescription had already been

provided by the general practitioner (n = 73; 13%). All travelers to tropical areas should have been advised to use personal protection against insect-borne diseases, not only for malaria but also for dengue and other arthropod-borne diseases. In files, mosquito nets were recommended in 549 (77.7%) instances, insect repellents in 675 (93.4%), and impregnated clothings in 663 (92.1%). Among the group of patients returning to their country to visit friends and relatives (n = 120), mosquito nets were recommended in 81 cases (62%) and insecticides in 106 cases (92.4%). With regards to malaria-endemic areas (n = 608), repellents were prescribed for 538 travelers (93.4%), impregnated clothings for 560 (92.1%), and mosquito nets for 473 (77.7%). Among the 730 travelers, 542 (74.2%) went to yellow fever-endemic areas. Yellow fever vaccine was contra-indicated in three immunocompromised patients who were not vaccinated.

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